Southern Africa - Region facts
Southern Africa is a region generally considered to include:
Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa refers to the southern part of the African continent. It is not to be confused with the country South Africa, which is just one country in the southern (note the small "s") African region. The region is distinct from the rest of Africa, with some of its main exports including diamonds, gold and uranium, but it is similar in that it shares some of the problems of the rest of the continent. While colonialism has left its mark on the development over the course of history, today corruption and HIV/AIDS are some of the biggest factors impeding growth. The pursuit of economic and political stability is an important part of the region's goals, and the Southern African Development Community has been established in an effort to facilitate co-operation among member nations.
The term Southern Africa was also used to refer to South Africa and the "independent" Bantustans that were re-incorporated into South Africa following the end of Apartheid in 1994.
Another common definition of Southern Africa is the part of Africa south of the Cunene and Zambezi rivers, that is South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and the southern half of Mozambique. This definition is most commonly used in South Africa.